Free Civil Service Exam Reviewer: English/ Continuous, Perfect and Perfect Progressive Tenses


1. Present Continuous Tense (Present Progressive Tense)To form the present continuous tense is by using the present be a form of the verb (am, is, are) plus the present participle form (-ing )of the verb.


  • am looking.
  • He is reading.
  • They are studying.

Some expressions that indicate the action is going on the time of speaking are right now, as of this moment, and at present. Time clauses starting with while also indicate an action in progress.


  • am looking at you right now.
  • He is reading as of this moment.
  • They are studying now.

2. Past Continuous Tense (Past Progressive Tense)

The past continuous form is made up of was or were plus the present participle form ( -ing) of the verb.


  • You looked anxious yesterday, what was bothering you?
  • While we were playing the guitar, Nik came and told us the good news.
  • was going to change my answer, but I ran out of time.

3. Future Continuous Tense (Future Progressive Tense)

The future progressive tense, also known as the future continuous tense, is used to indicate a future event that will be ongoing (or “progressive”). To form future continuous is by using will be plus the present participle form ( -ing) of the verb.


  • In two weeks, I will be eating a plant-based diet.
  • Joanne will be coming home for holiday.
  • By the, we will be practicing martial arts every Monday.


1. Present Perfect TenseThe present perfect tense is formed by using have/has plus the past participle form of the verb (eat – eaten, do – done, go – gone, play – played). Present perfect tense is used in the following situations:

a. An action completed at an indefinite or imprecise past time


  • They have loved each other.
  • He has gone to Europe.

b. An action that began in the past and still continuing or in progress at the time of speaking


  • They have loved each other since childhood.
  • Many and I have been friends for almost two decades.

c. An action that is connected now


  • What are you doing?
  • You have been very busy.
  • Why is he here?
  • Have you gone crazy?

2. Past Perfect TenseThe past perfect tense is formed by using had plus the past participle of the verb. Past perfect tense is used when two past actions happened in the past. One in the past perfect and the other in simple past. The form of the verb in the first action is in the past perfect tense and in the second the simple past tense.


  • The employee received their bonus after they had attended the team building activities.
  • Joel had deposited his money before he went home.

3. Future Perfect TenseThe future perfect tense is formed by using will have plus the past participle form of the verb. This tense is used to show an activity that will be completed at some specific time in the future before another future action.

a. By the time the exam ends, the examinee will have submitted his paper.

b. Before I leave, I will have saved enough money for a business.

c. When she turns 18, she will be allowed to have her own Facebook account.


1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The present perfect continuous tense is formed by using has/have been + present participle form of the verb (-ing). We use the present perfect continuous to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. “For five minutes,” “for two weeks,” and “since Tuesday” are all durations which can be used with the present perfect continuous.


  • They have been staring at each other for almost an hour.
  • He has been waiting for her since last month.

It is also used for action happened recently or lately.


  • Lately, I have been thinking of doing something awesome.
  • Kuya Noel has been selling fishball and kikiam recently.

2. Past Perfect Continuous TenseThe past perfect continuous tense is formed by using had been plus the present participle form of the verb (-ing).

The past perfect continuous is a verb tense that indicates something that began in the past, continued in the past, and also ended at a defined point in the past.When, for, since, and before are words that you may see used alongside the past perfect continuous tense.


  • had been working at the company for five years when I got the promotion.
  • Jhony had been attending class for years before he transferred to the other section.

3. Future Perfect Continuous TenseThe future perfect continuous tense is formed by using will have been + the -ing form of the verb.

When we describe an action in the future perfect continuous tense, we are projecting ourselves forward in time and looking back at the duration of that activity. The activity will have begun sometime in the past, present, or in the future, and is expected to continue in the future.

  • In January, I will have been working at my company for three years.
  • When I turn thirty, I will have been playing piano for twenty-one years.

Sources: Insignia Review Center – CHQ Institute Inc.

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Wed Jul 15 , 2020
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